Smartlink Group is one of the top metal fabrication contract manufacturing companies in Malaysia. The metal fabrication process refers to any process that cuts, shapes, or moulds metal material into a specific component needed for an end product assembly. There are many different metal fabrication processes and the process used depends on both the beginning metal material and the desired end product.
What is Metal Fabrication?
Metal fabrication is the process of turning raw metals into pre-made shapes for assembly use. For example, the panels that comprise the frame of an automobile are made through custom metal fabrication processes, which are usually performed at a fabrication facility and then sent to an auto assembly plant. However, the processes involved are complex and varied.
Types of Metal Fabrication Process
Cutting metal is definitely one of the most popular metal fabrication processes. The cutting process is inevitable in many circumstances where raw metal sheets or bars are split into smaller pieces for other application, like shaping and folding. Cuts are performed on a range of machinery, from lasers and plasma torches to high-tech pieces of machinery.
Folding metal is one of the complicated metal fabrication processes, where metal pieces or surfaces are folded into different shapes and angles. In many applications, metal surfaces are folded into specific angle, like 45-degree angle. Folding metal may only be performed in facilities that are equipped with specific, high-tech equipment due to the complexity of the whole process.
Welding is also one of the most common metal fabrication processes other than cutting. The welding process involves of joining two metal parts. The metal parts used in a welding application could be varies in shapes and sizes. Welding is achievable through numerous methods and tool types. Often, a weld is achieved through the application of heat along the points where the two pieces of metal are meant to be joined.
Punching is a metal fabrication process where holes are formed on a piece of metal. The process involved consists of punching, where metal is placed under a die and submitted to a punch-through by a drill. For the punch to be the correct size, the circumference of the drill must slot correctly through the die.
Stamping process is very similar to punching; however, the intention is not to form a hole, but to raise a certain portion of a metal sheet, without penetrating. For applications like these, the process of stamping is used to form certain shapes, letters or images within a metal sheet or panel. In effect, metal stamping is similar to relief carving in wood or marble. A primary example of metal stamping is seen on coins, where words, currency amounts and the faces of presidents are stamped from each surface side on pennies, nickels, dimes and quarters.
Casting is one of the oldest types of metal fabrication processes, where molten metal is poured into a mold and is left to solidify into a specific form. As one of the most flexible methods of metal fabrication, casting is ideal for a wide range of complex shape-making. In some cases, casting provides a solution to fabrication problems that would otherwise take several other methods to solve, such as with assembly parts that would need folding, shearing, and stamping. The most common metals employed in this application include steel, iron, gold, copper, silver, and magnesium.
Machining is the process of remove parts of a metal by machine. The machining process is normally performed on a lathe, where the metal would be rotated against a tool that trims corners and edges to cut the metal piece down to a desired shape or sizes. Other machining applications also include drilling a hole or set of holes through the metal surface.
Shearing is required for sheets of metal that require long cuts. In some cases, the metal sheet is fed horizontally through a metal-cutting machine. In other applications, a cutting tool is applied vertically against the length of a flat metal sheet. A third method involves placing the metal over the edge of an open cutter and lowering the blade, much like the paper cutters found at copy facilities. Shearing is often applied to trim down the edge of a metal sheet, but the process may be done anywhere along the metal.
Types of Metal used for the Fabrication Process
Most custom metal fabricated products are crafted from a range of commonly used metals and their alloys. Some of the most popular metal types available for custom fabrication include aluminium, brass, copper, gold, iron, nickel, silver, magnesium, tin, titanium, and various grades of steel. Fabricators often start with stock metal components, such as sheet metal, metal rods, metal billets, and metal bars to create a new product.
The Best Metal Fabrication Contract Manufacturing Company
Smartlink Group is your top choice when it comes to choosing the best metal fabrication contract manufacturing company. Whether you’re looking for a component or a complete product, our combination of processes, equipment, and capabilities gives us the agility to form a wide variety of metal and composite material parts and products with extreme precision.
From small intricate parts to large skids and metal frames, Smartlink Group has the ability to cut, shape and assemble to meet your metal fabricating needs with the highest quality and timely delivery.
Bear in mind that not all metal fabrications are the same. So, contact us for a free consultation of your metal fabrication project. We will explain and suggest the best approach for your project.